Volcanology and Physics of Volcanism
Volcanology and Physics of Volcanism

Volcanology

Academic staff:: Paola Petrosino, Warner Marzocchi.  PhD: Carlo Pelullo, Federica Totaro

Main research topis in Volcanology

Stratigraphy and geology in volcanic areas: detailed investigation on the deposits of several eruptions from Somma-Vesuvio and Campi Flegrei, mainly aimed at defining eruptive and depositional mechanisms, and geological mapping in volcanic areas.

Tephrostratigraphy and tephrochronology: main aims of this research topic are to identify, characterize, analize and date distal tephra layers embedded to both marine (central-southern Tyrrhenian Sea, Montalbano Jonico) and continental (Sessano e Boiano basins, Acerno basin, Pantano di San Gregorio Magno) sedimentary sequences. The research topic is part of the wider framework of the Quaternary Geology.  

Volcanic hazard assessment: volcanic hazard models are developed  through the integration of probabilistic and deterministic methods and taking full advantages of the spatial analysis available in a Geographic Information System (GIS) platform.  New procedures for multihazard assessment in active volcanic areas are implemented.  Impact maps for different scenarios significant at Civil Protection aims are drawn.  

Fluid Dynamics of Pyroclastic  Density Currents:  the fluid dynamic behavior of both artificial and natural granular mixtures is investigated aiming at better understanding the fluidization mechanism in pyroclastic density currents. Groundbreaking apparatuses (e.g. rotary drums)  and methodologies are  used for the fluidization of mixtures made up of pyroclastic grains, in order to simulate the behavior of natural pyroclastic mixtures within pyroclastic density currents.

Geosites in volcanic areas: popularization of geological heritage in active volcanic areas ios proposed, together with fruition projects of potential geosites at Campi Flegrei and Somma-Vesuvio, bringing out their role as a vital tool to enhance awareness of resident population towards volcanic risk.

Main partnerships:

Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Università di Napoli "Parthenope" (prof. G. Pappone, P.  Aucelli), Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e Geoambientali Università degli Studi di Bari A. Moro (prof. M. Marino, prof. M. Maiorano), CNR ISMAR - Napoli (dott. F. Lirer, D.D. Insinga, M. Sacchi, A. Milia, I. Alberico), INGV OV (dott. L. Pappalardo, dott. E. Cubellis). Department of Geoscience - University of Wisconsin- Madison USA (dr. B. Jicha).

 

 Didascalia  della copertina: Carta di rischio vulcanico per I vulcani attivi della Campania. Delle dieci classi in cui è  stato diviso il territorio, i toni di rosso indicano le zone a più alto rischio, quelli del blu le zone a rischio più basso.

 

vulc fig3Sketch map of isochrons for the Central Mediterranean Sea during the 4.4 ka−79 AD time interval. Dashed lines link archives where the isochrons are inferred

vulc fig1Pyroclastic mixture after the fluidization test. On the top of the bed, the segregation of the lightest material (pumice and limestone lithic fragments, light in colour), on the bottom of the bed the segregation of the heaviest material (lava lithic fragments and crystals, dark in colour) can be observed.

 

 vulc fig2Multi-source volcanic risk map of the Campania Region. The entire territory was divided into ten classes. The red shades indicate the highest risk areas while the light blue indicates very low risk areas

Physics of Volcanism

Research team:

Claudio Scarpati (person in charge; email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.),
Concettina Nunziata
Annamaria Perrotta
Ileana Santangelo
 

Physical volcanology investigates the processes that control the behavior of volcanoes. Our research group is mainly interested in the study of explosive eruptions and their products and in that of deep structure through models of shear wave seismic velocity. Over the last twenty-five years we have formulated models on the formation of calderas, on the eruptive mechanisms of Strombolian, subPlinian, Plinian and phreatoPlinian eruptions, on the eruptive dynamics of proximal lithic breccias, on the transport and emplacement mechanisms of pyroclastic currents. Particular attention was paid to assessing the impact of explosive eruptions on urban areas. A specific methodology was developed, in collaboration with various archaeological teams, to assess the damage caused by the main Vesuvian historical explosive eruptions (79 AD, 472 AD, 512 AD, 1944) on the perivulcanic territories. This allowed an original reconstruction of the events that took place in Pompeii and in some sites north of Vesuvius (Augustus’ villa in Somma Vesuviana and Roman Baths of Pollena Trocchia). Part of this research has been the subject of scientific disseminations through international exhibitions and conferences and collaborating on scientific documentaries produced by RAI, ARTE channel, National Geographic, CBS, K22film

Funding – 2017-2018 admitted to the funding of MIUR basic research activity

Conventions – Archaeological Park of Pompeii, Applied Research Laboratory - REP n. 19 del 28/2018

Stratigraphy: stratigraphy of volcanic sequences cropping out in the sites of competence of PAP;

Impact: assessment of the impact and damage caused by the eruption of 79AD;

Path: definition of a volcanological route, within the town of Pompeii, which allows visitors to observe the deposits of the 79 AD eruption and to illustrate the types of damages suffered during the eruptive event;

Musealization: identification of the stratigraphic sequences representative of the 79 AD eruption for the installations aimed at illustrating the sequence of volcanic products accumulated on Pompeii and providing the illustrative notes of the exposed volcanic products

Fig. 3 distribuzione delle unità dellIgnimbrite CampanaSketch map of isochrons for the Central Mediterranean Sea during the 4.4 ka−79 AD time interval. Dashed lines link archives where the isochrons are inferred.

 

vulc fig. 1 Vicolo dei balconi ancora sepolto di pomici a PompeiPyroclastic mixture after the fluidization test. On the top of the bed, the segregation of the lightest material (pumice and limestone lithic fragments, light in colour), on the bottom of the bed the segregation of the heaviest material (lava lithic fragments and crystals, dark in colour) can be observed.

vulc fig2 Terme romane a Pollena TrocchiaMulti-source volcanic risk map of the Campania Region. The entire territory was divided into ten classes. The red shades indicate the highest risk areas while the light blue indicates very low risk areas

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