Laboratories and facilities

Research DiSTAR

Elenco Laboratori con RADRL e Preposti

Elenco Laboratori

AAS-Cromatografia Ionica Morra Monetti L1 4.LAB.56
Acqua deionizzata Monetti Monetti L1 4.LAB.54
Camera bianca D’Antonio Di Renzo L1 4.LAB.47/48
Caratterizzazione Lapidei Colella Di Benedetto L2 T.LAB.03
Chimica fine 1 Parente Mondillo L1 4.LAB.77
Chimica fine 2 Balassone Francese L1 4.LAB.59
Chimico 1 Aiello Monetti L3 3.LAB.31
Chimico 2 Di Donato Monetti L3 3.LAB.08
Forni e Muffole De Bonis Colella L2 T.LAB.04
FT-IR Cappelletti Francese L1 4.LAB.57
Geochimica Ambientale Albanese Albanese L3 3.LAB.10
Geofisica Applicata 1 Di Maio La Manna L3 3.LAB.07
Geofisica Applicata 2 Fedi Paoletti L2 T.LAB.18
Geologia Applicata e Geotecnica De Vita Di Clemente L2 T.LAB.13
ICP-OES Morra Monetti L1 4.LAB.55
Inclusioni Fluide Rossi Lima L3 3.LAB.05
Osservatorio Meteorologico Scafetta Viola San Marcellino
Microscopia Ottica 1 Fedele Guarino L1 4.LAB.60
Microscopia Ottica 2 Barra Monetti L1 4.LAB.58
Microscopia del Sedimentario (Ottica 3) Iannace Parente L3 1.LAB.15
Preparazione campioni Franciosi Francese L1 4.LAB.46
SEM Petrosino De Gennaro L2 T.LAB.06
Sezioni sottili Vitale Bravi L2 T.LAB.15
Spettrometria di massa D’Antonio Di Renzo L1 4.LAB.52
Taglio e macinazione rocce Franciosi Bravi L2 T.LAB.16
Trattamento chimico dei sedimenti Russo Ermolli Russo Ermolli L3 3.LAB.29
Vulcanologia sperimentale Petrosino Petrosino L3 3.LAB.21
XRD Cappelletti Monetti L2 T.LAB.05
XRF Cucciniello Fedele L2 T.LAB.07
Laboratory of scanning electron microscopy (SEM)

Rador: Prof. Paola Petrosino

Preposto: Dott. Roberto De Gennaro


Laboratory of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) at DiSTAR is equipped by two scanning electron microscopes: a  SEM Jeol  JSM5310 and  FESEM ZEISS Merlin VP. Both of them allow the acquisition of high resolution magnified images of both raw inorganic and suitably prepared organic samples. Images are routinely digitally acquired.

SEM   Jeol  JSM5310, available at the lab since 1998, supplies both 3D images through a secondary electron  detector (SE ) and topographic and compositional images through a backscattered electron  detector (BSE).  Moreover, it is equipped with an EDS  X-Stream Inca Oxford detector that supplies qualitative evaluation of chemical elements starting from fluorine.  It is also possible, thanks to a well performing reference standardization, to obtain single point analyses of polished samples (resin embedded or thin sections).

Recently acquired (2017) FESEM ZEISS Merlin VP has the very large vacuum chamber Gemini 2 that hosts samples up to 15 cm diameter and its main feature is to work both in high vacuum and in variable pressure. In as much, this SEM reaches 1 million magnification. It is equipped with an "inlens" detector of both secondary and backscattered electrons, a normal secondary electron detector and a variable pressure secondary electron detector. Furthermore, it is linked to an EDS  Oxford X-Max detector and to a WDS Wave Oxford spectometer equipped with 4 analytical crystals. The combined use of EDS and WDS analytical facilities allows the quantitative evaluation of the content of chemical elements starting from boron. Dedicated softwares allow the acquisition of compositional maps for the automated evaluation of the mineralogical composition in an unknown sample.

The best advantage in using FESEM is the possibility to obtain morphoscopic and chemical data from the surface of an "as is" sample, allowing non destructive and non invasive analyses that make this apparatus the most powerful tool for SEM investigation in cultural heritage and forensic geology fields.

For SEM sample preparation, the laboratory is equipped with a gold sputter (Agar Auto Sputter Coater)  and a carbon coater (Agar Auto Carbon Coater).

The SEM lab is used for didactics, scientific research and analyses on behave of third parties. Main users are from University Federico II, other universities, CNR and other research institutions dealing with Earth Science, Physics, Chemistry, Agriculture  and Cultural Heritage. 

Our laboratory is accredited under INAIL  - Istituto Superiore di Sanità for SEM analysis of asbestos, both on total samples and on airborne fibers.

Figure 1. Field Emission Scannin Electron Microscope (SEM) Merlin VP.

Figure 2: Backscattered image of a mica crystal from a thin section of a rock (a) with the EDS spectrum (b).

Figure 3: SE image of an airborne asbesto (crocidolite) on a policarbonate filter at 2000x magnification, as the DM 6.9.1994 requires(a), and at 7500x magnification (b).

sem fig2Figura 2. Immagine in backscattering di una sezione sottile di roccia contenente un cristallo di mica (a) con in relativo spettro EDS (b).

sem fig3Figura 3. Osservazione in SE di fibre di tipo asbestiforme (crocidolite) su filtri in policarbonato a 2000x, scala dell’analisi prevista dal Decreto Ministeriale 6.9.1994 e smi (a), e a 7500x (b).

sem copertinaFigura 1. Microscopio elettronico a scansione (SEM) di tipo field emission Merlin VP.

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